The Sub Centre is the most peripheral and first contact point between the primary health care system and the community. Sub Centres are assigned tasks relating to interpersonal communication in order to bring about behavioral change and provide services in relation to maternal and child health, family welfare, nutrition, immunization, diarrhoea control and control of communicable diseases programmes. Each Sub Centre is required to be manned by at least one auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) / female health worker and one male health worker.
Primary Health Centre (PHC) is the first contact point between village community and the medical officer. The PHCs are established and maintained by the State governments under the Minimum Needs Programme (MNP)/ Basic Minimum Services (BMS) Programme. As per minimum requirement, a PHC is to be manned by a medical officer supported by 14 paramedical and other staff. Under NRHM, there is a provision for two additional staff nurses at PHCs on contract basis. It acts as a referral unit for 6 Sub Centres and has 4-6 beds for patients. The activities of PHC involve curative, preventive, promotive and family welfare services.
The top 10 States/UTs in terms of Female Health Worker/ Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) at Sub Centres and PHCs – in Tribal Areas were: Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Gujarat and Assam as on 31st March 2017.
The number of Female Health Worker/ ANM at Sub Centres and PHCs were 6257, 5333, 4871, 3993, 3915, 3193, 2791, 2506, 2455 and 1217 in Tribal Areas of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Gujarat and Assam respectively as on 31st March 2017.
There were States/UTs namely Haryana, Punjab, Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry which had 0 (zero) Female Health Worker/ ANM at Sub Centres and PHCs – in Tribal Areas as on 31st March 2017.
Note: NA: Not Available; #: States with predominently tribal areas; @: Data for year 2010 used; +: Santioned data for year 2012 used; ++: Sanctioned data for year 2016 used; ***: Santioned data for year 2011 used; $: Data for year 2013 used; ^: Sanctioned data for year 2015 used; **: Surplus; For Required: One per Sub Centre and PHC; *: State / UT has no separate Tribal Area / Population.
Resource Title: State/ UT-wise Female Health Worker/ ANM at sub Centre and PHC – in Tribal Areas as on 31-03-2017