Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures changes over time in general level of prices of goods and services that households acquire for the purpose of consumption. For construction of CPI numbers, two requisite components are weighing diagrams (consumption patterns) and price data collected at regular intervals. The data refers to State wise Consumer Price Index with base year 2010 =100. There has been a decline in CPI in January 2015 as compared to April 2014 in all States and UTs.
The 5 states with highest decrease in CPI are Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam and Jharkhand during the period. CPI for Meghalaya has decreased from 152.1 in April 2014 to 125.1 in January 2015 showing a decrease of 27.0 points. CPI for Arunachal Pradesh has decreased from 148.6 in April 2014 to 123.8 in January 2015 showing a decrease of 24.8 points. CPI for West Bengal has decreased from 142.8 in April 2014 to 119.2 in January 2015 showing a decrease of 23.6 points. CPI for Assam has decreased from 139.4 in April 2014 to 117.4 in January 2015 showing a decrease of 22 points. CPI for Jharkhand has decreased from 140.0 in April 2014 to 118.3 in January 2015 showing a decrease of 21.7 points.
The 5 states with lowest decrease in CPI are Dadra & Nagar Haveli (-8.7 points), Manipur (-9.3 points), Daman and Diu (-11.8 points), Lakshadweep (-13.3 points) and Andaman and Nicobar (-13.4 points).