As per Section 131 of Motor Vehicle Act and Section 161 of Indian Railways Act, the onus for safe movement over unmanned level crossing (UMLC) has been put entirely on the road users, for which very stringent provisions have been enunciated in both the Acts. However, in view of the possible loss of human life at UMLCs, Railways have taken proactive measures to eliminate them through closure/merger/grade-separator/manning.
India has witnessed an increasing trend in elimination of UMLCs on broad gauge track during 2013-14 to 2017-18. We have seen compound annual growth rate of 25.65% in elimination of UMLCs on broad gauge track during the period under consideration.
The number of UMLCs eliminated on broad gauge track was 1102 during 2013-14. It has increased by 4.17% to 1148 during 2014-15 over 2013-14. Annual growth of 4.13% has been observed in elimination of UMLCs on broad gauge track during 2017-18 from 1503 during 2016-17. The number of UMLCs eliminated on broad gauge track was 3451 during 2018-19 (up to Dec 2018), up by 120.51% against 1565 during 2017-18.
Maximum annual growth of 120.51% has been seen in 2018-19 in elimination of UMLCs on broad gauge track of Indian Railways during the period under consideration.
Note: Source: RAJYA SABHA SESSION – 247 STARRED QUESTION No 248.
Resource Title: Year-wise progress achieved in elimination of unmanned level crossings (UMLCs) on Broad Gauge track from 2013-14 to 2018-19 (From : Ministry of Railways)